George died in 2012, leaving many mysteries behind. According to the researchers, there are 17 Galapagos tortoises that have about the same genetics as George. This means that his death is not the end of the Galapagos tortoises. The islands of Galapagos were first visited by Europeans during the 16th century.
Lonesome George was discovered in 1972, when it was believed that tortoises of his kind were extinct. It is possible for other tortoises to exist on the island. Once, there were 300 000 giant tortoises on this island, but the species was ravaged by pirates during the 18th century, which killed the tortoises for fresh food. Today, there are about 30 000 tortoises left on the island, but only 17 of them have the characteristics of the giant Galapagos tortoises.
The ancestors of George were located on other islands, probably Isabella and the surrounding islands. During the 18th century, the sailors used to throw the tortoises overboard when they were not needed for food. His is how some exemplars reached the Pinta Island. Charles Darwin made the Galapagos tortoises famous, when he arrived here in 1835 to conduct some researches that leaded to his theory of evolution.
Pinta island tortoise lonesome George
Pinta island tortoise population
female Pinta island tortoise
Pinta island tortoise extinct
The Pancake Tortoise
Taking Care of a Tortoise
The Russian Tortoise
The Egyptian Tortoise
Common Types of Tortoise